900 MHz ISM and non-ISM Radio
History: There are frequencies that have been allocated for Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM) devices to communicate. Some of these frequencies are licensed and some are unlicensed. The FCC first made unlicensed spread spectrum available in the ISM bands in rules adopted on May 9, 1985
Availability: ISM and non-ISM devices are now more common than FRS radios. Examples: Wi-Fi (both 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz), Bluetooth, Cordless Phones, SCADA data devices, ZigBee Home Automation, etc.
Here, we are specifically talking about voice communications which only has a few options.
License Needed: None for license free radios.
- Motorola/Nextel – MotoTalk/DirectTalk compatible iDEN cellular phones (discontinued)
- Trisquare eXtreme Radio Service (discontinued)
- Motorola DTR and DLR Radios (current production)
Other radios require an Amateur license or an Industrial/Business license.
- Motorola MOTOTRBO (current production)(Business license required)
- Other equipment used in 33cm Amateur Radio use (Amateur license required)
Use: Personal only for Amateur license use; Personal or Business for Motorola DTR/DLR/MOTOTRBO
Range: Will vary by obstructions like buildings, trees, or hills. Average is 2-4 miles for a 900 MHz spread spectrum radio.
Equipment needed: Any Make or Model of radio that is certified by the FCC Part 15 or Part 18 Regulations. You can check a radio’s certification by looking in the FCC online database.
Output: Up to 1 Watt.
Modulation: Various voice and data modulations, including spread spectrum.
|433.05-434.79 MHz||1.74 MHz||Region 1 Only (EU, Africa, Persian Gulf, Russia, etc)|
|902-928 MHz||26 MHz||Region 2 Only (North and South America, Greenland, some Pacific Islands)|
|2.4-2.5 GHz||100 MHz||Worldwide|
|5.725-5.875 GHz||150 MHz||Worldwide|